Monthly Archive: June 2019

Settlement of foundation

1.1: Settlement            It is a vertical displacement of soil from its original level of placement. It may be uniform or non-uniform. When a part of the structure settles leaving the …

Various terms used in estimating

1.Contingency           The term contingency indicates expenses, miscellaneous characters which cannot be classified under any distinct items sub-head. Pertaining to the whole work in the estimate a certain amount in the …

Low cost road

1.1: Introduction            A low-cost road is a road which is constructed and maintained at a low cost. In the village and underdeveloped area, immediate need of road can be fulfilled at …

Estimate with it’s types

Introduction Before undertaking the construction of a project, it is necessary to know its probable cost which is calculated out by estimating. An estimate is the computation or calculation of quantities required and expenditure likely …

Road making machinery and its uses

1.1: General Introduction Road construction is very tedious work. To make the construction process easier there are many tools and equipment in practice. Every tool has its advantages and disadvantages. The construction process can be …

Highway Drainage

1.1: Introduction         Highway drainage is the process of removing and controlling the excess surface and sub-surface water within the road pavement and shoulder so, design,  protection and maintenance of approximate highway drainage …